Routine Eye Care

What Is Routine Optical Care?

A routine vision exam is a periodic assessment by an optometrist to check overall eye health, in the absence of signs of trauma, injury, or complication. This includes checking visual acuity and other aspects of ocular health. If an individual wears corrective lenses, the evaluation will show if changes in eyesight require updating.

A regular exam is less extensive than a comprehensive one, unless the person has previously identified conditions, in which case the former will feature more tests. Routine testing is critical for preventing ocular disease and detecting early signs of conditions such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, ulcers, infections, macular degeneration, and many others disorders. Frequency is usually determined based upon individual age, health, and family history. Speak with your optometrist to determine what is best for you.

Standard Tests and Equipment

A simple exam should average 30 minutes or less. Depending upon the findings, it can be upgraded to a medical exam if a more serious complication is detected. Standard tests include the following aspects of vision:
Binocular: Assesses how well the eyes work in unison. In the cover test, each eye is covered while focusing on an object.
Evaluating the ocular structure: the optometrist will assess the health of the health through a visual inspection, which will include shining a retinoscope on the pupil to assess the response to light. Tear drops are administered to enlarge the pupils which allows a complete evaluation of the eye. The fundoscopy is a magnifying instrument that enables a thorough inspection of the eye, including the critical retina section at the back of the eye.
Refraction: The phoropter tool identifies prescriptions based upon measurements of refractive error. Refraction accounts for several types of vision deficits such as myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness).
Visual acuity: The Snellen Chart is a standard tool for checking acuity. you will recognize this well known chart by the large E at the top.
Alignment: The doctor will see how well you can track an object as it moves across your visual field.
Depending on age and medical history, testing for glaucoma may become part of routine evaluations. It is an easy way to prevent the onset of this debilitating condition, by assessing ocular pressure. Doctors warn that people with diabetes have a higher risk for glaucoma as do those with high blood pressure, heavy drinkers and smokers, and certain ethnic groups.

Many experts recommend that children have an eye assessment before starting grade school, followed by annual testing. Healthy adults usually receive more comprehensive tests following age 40, provided there isn't an underlying condition or medical history.

Treatment

Standards types of treatments resulting from testing may include the following:
Writing a prescription for glasses or contact lenses.
Correcting a previous prescription when visual changes are noted.
Scheduling a more comprehensive exam
Prescribing medicated drops, steroids, anti-inflammatory medications or therapy following the detection of a medical conditions.
Follow-up with a specialist
Surgery or procedures for conditions such as cataracts, retinal detachment, etc. Note: Other than performing surgery, optometrists can perform most functions of an ophthalmologist.
Prescribing or recommending vision therapy or related services if any signs of visual-motor or cognitive deficits are observed.

Prevention of Complications

There are several steps to maintain eyesight and ocular health.
Scheduling routine AND comprehensive appointments as recommended by an optometrist.
Diet, Lifestyle, and Exercise: Eating healthily, engaging in physical activity, and refraining from smoking or copious consumption of alcohol. All are crucial for preventing ocular conditions; partcarly in those with a high susceptibility for developing such disorders.
Wear protective glasses if you engage in activities where there is a risk of sustaining a traumatic injury.
Don't touch or play with your eyes. Wash your hands carefully if you must touch the orbital region. Practice hygienic recommendations when using contact lenses.
Monitoring and following up if any signs of trauma, infection, allergy or condition are detected including:
Redness
Swelling
Irritation
Pain/discomfort
Blurred, double, or loss of vision
Always inform the optometrist of any ocular issues you may be experiencing, particularly those resulting following an injury to the head. Such head injuries, as well as serious symptoms that continue to persist may require emergency medical intervention.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes. It's always a good idea to bring your current prescription glasses to the appointment. Assessments for refraction may indicate a need for changes to your prescriptions.
Yes. Exams are essential for maintaining eyesight and preventing and detecting complications. Additionally, many conditions are hard to detect, and they take time to fully manifest. They are excellent tools to prevent future problems. Eye health is more than just how well you see.
Insurance providers are best equipped to answer specific questions regarding your policy.
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Routine Testing

Standard eye exams are important for maintaining vision and ocular health. An optometrist will determine how often you should undergo such tests based upon your profile. The best way to treat ocular diseases and complications is to prevent them in the first place. Contact us today to schedule an appointment for a routine eye exam.

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