Myopia Causes: Is Your Child At Risk?

Myopia Causes: Is Your Child At Risk? in Chattanooga

Myopia Causes: Is Your Child At Risk?

There is evidence that genetic and environmental factors may contribute to the development and progression of myopia in children; an eye disease more commonly known as “nearsightedness”. Left untreated, it can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration. The following article will explore these factors to assess which children may be predisposed for this condition.

Although there is no cure, there are various interventions to slow progression and correct vision. Children should have periodic ocular exams to assess vision and ocular health and to detect and treat complications. The earlier detection occurs the sooner it can be treated to slow progression.

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What Are Possible Risk Factors for Myopia?

The following factors are associated with the development and progression of myopia:

  • Genetics/Hereditary: There is evidence that this condition is found in families. A hereditary component may contribute to eye growth irregularities associated with this condition, in the form of eye lengthening and increased corneal curvature. 
  • Increased eye-strain may occur from:
  • Excessive exposure to digital devices- Reducing screen time may prevent additional strain. 
  • Excessive close-up work (such as reading for extended periods) may also cause strain, and possibly lead to myopia development and its progression.
  • Overuse of Prescription Glasses/Corrective Contact Lenses: There is some evidence that in children with low level myopia, over-using glasses or contacts may worsen the condition.
  • Excessive time spent indoors: Studies suggest that children who spend more time outdoors are less apt to develop this disorder.
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Myopia In Children: Schedule An Ocular Exam

Myopia manifests as blurred distance vision. Many parents first become aware of a possible condition when their child complains that it's hard to see things from afar, such as watching a movie, taking down notes off the classroom whiteboard, or playing sports. If you have a family history of this condition or are just generally concerned, schedule an optometric exam to check your child’s visual acuity and ocular health, and to explore treatment options. 

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