Your Guide to Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH)

Binocular vision dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH) are two vision issues which may surface after someone suffers a traumatic brain injury, such as a stroke. Both of these conditions can have significant impacts on one’s quality of life. Fortunately, effective treatment options are available.

Your Guide to Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH) in Chattanooga

Amplify Eyecare Chattanooga

What are Binocular Vision Dysfunction and Vertical Heterophoria?

Binocular Vision Dysfunction

Binocular vision is the ability of the eyes to work together as a team, so the term binocular vision dysfunction means that there is a misalignment between the lines of sight of each eye. This misalignment can be horizontal, vertical, or both. If the misalignment is severe enough, the patient will experience double vision or diplopia, while minor misalignments will have the patient still see a single image, but still cause eye strain, which can lead to other problems.

Vertical Heterophoria

Vertical heterophoria is a type of binocular vision dysfunction which is believed to be caused by a lack of proper coordination between the two main vertical eye alignment mechanisms; the balance (vestibular) system and the vision (oculomotor) system.

Symptoms

Vertical heterophoria can lead to a number of symptoms, some of which might not be immediately associated with vision.

These include:

Dizziness

Feelings of dizziness can come and go for someone with vertical heterophoria, and it can be triggered by a range of actions, such as”

  • standing up quickly
  • moving the head from side to side 
  • straightening up quickly after bending over
  • Rounding curves in a car
  • Driving at high speed in traffic
  • Riding in a car as a passenger

Head, Neck, and Shoulder Pain

Other signs you have vertical heterophoria include head pain (specifically at the temples, forehead, and the back of the head). The intensity of these headaches can also vary. Those suffering from vertical heterophoria may also experience a feeling of heaviness near the crown of the head, comparable to the pressure from sinus pain.

Neck and shoulder pain can result from head tilting to compensate for the vision difficulties caused by the misaligned eyes.

Anxiety

Anxiety, specifically while driving, is also a common symptom of vertical heterophoria.

Particular issues which may occur include:

  • Perception that signs and stoplights are moving or that your vehicle is moving backward even while you are pressing the break, which makes it hard to come to complete stops when required.
  • Generally anxiety regarding driving, due to concerns about experiencing dizziness while behind the wheel.
  • The perception that stationary objects at the edges of your vision are moving.
  • Uneasiness if places with high ceilings, due to sensory overload or disorientation due to a high level of visual stimuli.

Trouble Balancing

The dizziness caused by vertical heterophoria can also lead to trouble balancing, which can make everyday actions like going up the stairs dangerous.

Symptoms
What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

There are two main causes of vertical heterophoria: traumatic brain injury (such as an accident or a stroke), and congenital causes.

What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

How is Vertical Heterophoria Diagnosed?

A diagnosis of a binocular vision dysfunction, such as vertical heterophoria, can be made following a comprehensive vision evaluation performed by a neuro-optometrist. Basic eye tests may not detect these, and some of the symptoms may not lead people to suspect a vision issue.

 

How are Binocular Vision Dysfunctions Such as Vertical Heterophoria Treated?

  • Prism Lenses

Prism lenses can provide relief from symptoms such as double vision, as they help you compensate for the misalignment. However, these more provide short term relief than proper treatment.

  • Vision Therapy

Vision therapy, on the other hand, helps you (re)develop the visual skills necessary to maintain proper eye alignment, and once this ability is gained, the problem, in most cases, is completely resolved. 

Surgery is in most cases not recommended for these conditions. 

Symptoms
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Summary

Binocular vision dysfunctions such as vertical heterophoria can have extremely negative impacts on your quality of life, with the symptoms of dizziness, anxiety, and others making day-to-day tasks difficult or even dangerous. However, vision therapy by certified neuro-optometrists can effectively treat the condition. Book an Appointment today if you suspect you might be suffering from a binocular vision dysfunction so we can schedule a comprehensive vision exam.

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Testimonials


  • Vision therapy is well worth the response, time and effort. Our Son had a hard time focusing and writing neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time if previously took. His abilities to focus improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

    Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.


    Amanda T.

  • Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

    Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.


    Alexa H.

  • Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

    He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

    It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

    Dr. McBryar , Kristen and John  are all marvelous and we would recommend them to anyone I only wish that we would have found them sooner!


    Charlotte M.

  • Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

    Thank you!


    Olivia C.

  • Seems much less frustrated with life

    Reads non-stop and fast

    Spelling abilities have been hugely improved

    Seems much more confident

    Thank You!!!


    Kelly O.

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