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Authors
Michael Rouse, OD, MS, FAAO, Eric Borsting, OD, MS, FAAO, G. Lynn Mitchell, MPH, FAAO, Marjean Taylor Kulp, OD, MS, FAAO, Mitchell Scheiman, OD, FAAO, Deborah Amster, OD, FAAO, Rachael Coulter, OD, FAAO, Gregory Fecho, OD, Michael Gallaway, OD, FAAO, and CITT Study Group

Academic Behaviors in Children with Convergence Insufficiency with and without Parent-Reported ADHD

publication date
2010 Nov 11
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose

To determine if children with symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency (CI) without the presence of parent reported Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have higher scores on the academic behavior survey (ABS).

 

Methods

The Academic Behavior Survey (ABS) is a 6-item survey that evaluates parent concern about school performance and the parents' perceptions of the frequency of problem behaviors that their child may exhibit when reading or performing schoolwork (such as: difficulty completing work, avoidance, and inattention). Each item is scored on an ordinal scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Always) with a total score ranging from 0 to 24. The survey was administered to the parents of 212 children 9-17 years old (mean age 11.8 yrs.) with symptomatic CI prior to enrolling into the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial and to 49 children with normal binocular vision (NBV) (mean age 12.5 years). The parents reported whether the child had ADHD and this information was used to divide the symptomatic CI group into the CI with parent-report of ADHD or CI with parent-report of no ADHD groups.


Conclusion/Results

Results

Sixteen percent of the CI group and 6% of the NBV group were classified as ADHD by parental report. An analysis of covariance showed that the total ABS score for the symptomatic CI with parent-report of ADHD group (15.6) was significantly higher than the symptomatic CI with parent-report of no ADHD group (11.7, p=0.001) and the NBV group (8.7, p<0.0001). Children with CI with parent-report of no ADHD scored significantly higher on the ABS than the NBV group (p=0.036).

 

Conclusions

Children with symptomatic CI with parent-report of no ADHD scored higher on the ABS when compared to children with NBV. Children with parent-report of ADHD or related learning problems may benefit from comprehensive vision evaluation to assess for the presence of CI


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