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Chia-Hung Li, Po-Liang Chen, Jiann-Torng Chen, Joa-Jing Fu

Different corrections of hypermetropic errors in the successful treatment of hypermetropic amblyopia in children 3 to 7 years of age

publication date
2008 Oct 18
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Purpose: To evaluate the improvement in visual acuity (VA) in children 3 to 7 years old with hypermetropic amblyopia after full or partial hypermetropic correction.


Design: Retrospective interventional case series.

Methods: Medical records of 182 children with hypermetropic amblyopia treated with partial or full hypermetropic correction from January 1, 2001 to July 31, 2007 were evaluated. Improvement in the VA of the amblyopic eye, changes in the power of glasses, and the reduction in hypermetropia were assessed.


Results: Ninety-three children underwent full hypermetropic correction and the mean VA of their amblyopic eyes improved by 0.46 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR). Eighty-one children underwent partial hypermetropic correction and the mean VA of their amblyopic eyes improved by 0.48 logMAR. The reduction in hypermetropia was 0.44 diopters (D)/year and 0.43 D/year, respectively. Changes in glasses at four to eight weeks of follow-up were noted in 11 children receiving full correction, all of whom were older than 5 years. Ten children, aged 3 to 5 years, with hypermetropia of more than 3 D and receiving partial correction, required a change of glasses and most (seven children) had underdiagnosed accommodative esotropia.

Conclusions: Both full correction and partial correction of hypermetropic errors improved the VA of 3 to 7-year-old children with hypermetropic amblyopia. The reduction in hypermetropia was similar after full and partial hypermetropic correction. However, for children older than 5 years, full correction should be undertaken with care because the accompanying blur at distance can hinder compliance. For younger children, especially with a high degree of hypermetropia, full correction might be required to avoid strabismus, which would cancel the effects of spectacle correction.


Vision therapy is well worth the response, time and effort. Our Son had a hard time focusing and writing neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time if previously took. His abilities to focus improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.

Amanda T.

Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.

Alexa H.

Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

Dr. McBryar , Kristen and John  are all marvelous and we would recommend them to anyone I only wish that we would have found them sooner!

Charlotte M.

Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

Thank you!

Olivia C.

Seems much less frustrated with life

Reads non-stop and fast

Spelling abilities have been hugely improved

Seems much more confident

Thank You!!!

Kelly O.

When we first came to the practice, my son did not have huge issues, but lots of small ones- trouble with reading, sports (hitting the baseball consistently), coordination, etc- that were not easily detectable,but when put together presented issues. The staff here were all very professional and loving towards him. While I was concerned in the reading, my son was concerned with the athletic side. Seeing improvement night off the bat gave him confidence that i have nor seen in him and made him want to not only Come to therapy, but also made him want to work hard. He has surpassed his grade level and above in reading and hit his first home run this year! Thank you!!!

Alice M.
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