Authors
KULP, MARJEAN TAYLOR OD, MS, FAAO; BORSTING, ERIC OD, MS, FAAO; MITCHELL, G LYNN MAS, FAAO; SCHEIMAN, MITCHELL OD, FAAO; COTTER, SUSAN OD, MS, FAAO; COOPER, JEFFREY OD, MS, FAAO; ROUSE, MICHAEL OD, MS, FAAO; LONDON, RICHARD MA, OD, FAAO; WENSVEEN, JANICE OD, PHD, FAAO THE CONVERGENCE INSUFFICIENCY TREATMENT TRIAL (CITT) INVESTIGATOR GROUP

Feasibility of Using Placebo Vision Therapy in a Multicenter Clinical Trial

publication date
December 3, 2007
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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose

The Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial (CITT) Investigator Group conducted a preliminary study assessing the effectiveness of home-based push-up therapy and office-based vision therapy/orthoptics for the treatment of convergence insufficiency (CI). The CITT group developed a placebo therapy program that was designed to simulate real vision therapy/orthoptics. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of this placebo therapy program in maintaining masking of subjects randomized to the office-based treatment arms (real or placebo).

Methods

Subjects (ages 9 to 30 years) were enrolled, stratified into two groups by age, and then randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: pencil push-up therapy, office-based vision therapy/orthoptics, or office-based placebo vision therapy/orthoptics. At the end of treatment, subjects in the two office-based therapy groups (placebo and real) were asked: (1) which treatment do you think you received? and (2) how sure are you about your answer?


Conclusion/Results

Results

Ninety-five percent of subjects assigned to real therapy and 83% assigned to placebo therapy thought they were in the real therapy group. Of the subjects who thought they received real therapy, 90% assigned to real therapy and 89% assigned to placebo therapy were “somewhat sure,” “pretty sure,” or “very sure” of their answer. Those assigned to real therapy had more responses in the “very sure” category.

Conclusion

The CITT placebo therapy program was effective in maintaining subject masking in this multicenter clinical trial.


Testimonials


  • Vision therapy is well worth the response, time and effort. Our Son had a hard time focusing and writing neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time if previously took. His abilities to focus improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

    Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.


    Amanda T.

  • Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

    Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.


    Alexa H.

  • Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

    He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

    It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

    Dr. McBryar , Kristen and John  are all marvelous and we would recommend them to anyone I only wish that we would have found them sooner!


    Charlotte M.

  • Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

    Thank you!


    Olivia C.

  • Seems much less frustrated with life

    Reads non-stop and fast

    Spelling abilities have been hugely improved

    Seems much more confident

    Thank You!!!


    Kelly O.

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