Authors
Mingguang He, Wenyong Huang, Yingfeng Zheng, Li Huang, Leon B Ellwein

Refractive error and visual impairment in school children in rural southern China

publication date
2006 Nov 21
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school children in a rural area of southern China.

Design: Prospective cross-sectional survey.

Participants: Two thousand four hundred children from junior high schools in Yangxi County.

Methods: Random selection of classes from the 3 junior high school grade levels was used to identify the study sample. Children from 36 classes in 13 schools were examined in April 2005. The examination included visual acuity (VA) testing; ocular motility evaluation; cycloplegic autorefraction; and examination of the external eye, anterior segment, media, and fundus.

Main outcome measures: Distance VA and cycloplegic refraction.


Conclusion/Results

Results: Among 2515 enumerated children, 2454 (97.6%) were examined. The study population consisted of the 2400 children between 13 and 17 years old. Prevalences of uncorrected, presenting, and best-corrected VA < or = 20/40 in the better eye were 27.0%, 16.6%, and 0.46%, respectively. Sixty percent of those who could achieve acuity > or =20/32 in at least one eye with best correction were without the necessary spectacles. Refractive error was the cause in 97.1% of eyes with reduced vision; amblyopia, 0.81%; other causes, 0.67%; and unexplained causes, 1.4%. Myopia (spherical equivalent, -0.50 diopters [D] or more in either eye) affected 36.8% of 13-year-olds, increasing to 53.9% of 17-year-olds. Myopia was associated with higher grade level, female gender, schooling in the county urban center, and higher parental education. Hyperopia (+2.00 D or more) affected approximately 1.0% in all age groups. Astigmatism (> or =0.75 D) was present in 25.3% of all children.

Conclusions: Reduced vision because of uncorrected myopia is a public health problem among school-age children in rural China. Effective VA screening strategies are needed to eliminate this easily treated cause of visual impairment.


Testimonials


Vision therapy is well worth the response, time and effort. Our Son had a hard time focusing and writing neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time if previously took. His abilities to focus improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.


Amanda T.

Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.


Alexa H.

Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

Dr. McBryar , Kristen and John  are all marvelous and we would recommend them to anyone I only wish that we would have found them sooner!


Charlotte M.

Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

Thank you!


Olivia C.

Seems much less frustrated with life

Reads non-stop and fast

Spelling abilities have been hugely improved

Seems much more confident

Thank You!!!


Kelly O.

When we first came to the practice, my son did not have huge issues, but lots of small ones- trouble with reading, sports (hitting the baseball consistently), coordination, etc- that were not easily detectable,but when put together presented issues. The staff here were all very professional and loving towards him. While I was concerned in the reading, my son was concerned with the athletic side. Seeing improvement night off the bat gave him confidence that i have nor seen in him and made him want to not only Come to therapy, but also made him want to work hard. He has surpassed his grade level and above in reading and hit his first home run this year! Thank you!!!


Alice M.
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