Authors
Maehara, Goro PhD; Araki, Syunsuke MS; Yoneda, Tsuyoshi PhD; Thompson, Benjamin PhD; Miki, Atsushi MD

Suprathreshold Motion Perception in Anisometropic Amblyopia: Interocular Speed Matching and the Pulfrich Effect

publication date
February 17, 2019
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

SIGNIFICANCE 

Our results indicate that the difference in perceived luminance between the amblyopic and fellow eyes that is present under dichoptic viewing conditions does not affect the perceived speed of suprathreshold motion stimuli. This finding provides a new insight into suprathreshold perception in amblyopia.

 

PURPOSE 

Interocular matching experiments indicate that dichoptically presented stimuli have a lower perceived luminance in amblyopic eyes relative to fellow eyes. This may be a consequence of interocular suppression. We investigated whether this effect extends to suprathreshold motion perception.

 

METHODS 

Participants with amblyopia and control observers matched the perceived speed of dichoptically presented random-dot kinematograms and the perceived luminance of gray patches. Control participants also performed the speed matching task with a neutral density filter over one eye to simulate a perceived luminance reduction.


Conclusion/Results

RESULTS 

The amblyopia group exhibited lower perceived luminance in the amblyopic than in the fellow eye, as has previously been reported. However, interocular speed matching was veridical. For control observers, perceived speed was reduced in the eye with a neutral density filter relative to the nonfiltered eye. To assess whether the perceived luminance reduction in the amblyopic eye affected binocular function, we also measured the Pulfrich effect in the amblyopia group with equal luminance presented to each eye. No patients reported a spontaneous Pulfrich effect.

 

CONCLUSIONS 

The results suggest that suprathreshold speed perception is intact in the amblyopic eye when both eyes are open.


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Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.


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Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.


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Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

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Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

Thank you!


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When we first came to the practice, my son did not have huge issues, but lots of small ones- trouble with reading, sports (hitting the baseball consistently), coordination, etc- that were not easily detectable,but when put together presented issues. The staff here were all very professional and loving towards him. While I was concerned in the reading, my son was concerned with the athletic side. Seeing improvement night off the bat gave him confidence that i have nor seen in him and made him want to not only Come to therapy, but also made him want to work hard. He has surpassed his grade level and above in reading and hit his first home run this year! Thank you!!!


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