Authors
STELMACK, JOAN A. OD, MPH, FAAO; MASSOF, ROBERT W. PhD, FAAO

Using the VA LV VFQ-48 and LV VFQ-20 in Low Vision Rehabilitation

publication date
May 24, 2007
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose

This study was conducted to demonstrate use of a simple scoring algorithm for the 48-item Veterans Affairs Low Vision Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VA LV VFQ-48) that approximates the measure of persons' visual ability that would be calculated with Rasch analysis and to provide a short form version of the questionnaire for clinical practice and outcomes research.

Methods

Items were eliminated from the VA LV VFQ-48 to reduce redundancy and shorten the instrument. The approximation of persons' visual ability calculated with the scoring algorithm for vision function questionnaires developed by Massof was compared with the person measure estimated from Rasch analysis for a sample of 126 subjects entering a low vision rehabilitation program.


Conclusion/Results

Results

The approximation captures 98% of the variability in the Rasch measure estimate of persons' visual ability and 97% of the variability in the change score estimate. The relationship does not hold in circumstances where patients with high visual ability find most items to be easy. A 20-item short form of the instrument was constructed for use in low vision service delivery.

Conclusions

The scoring algorithm can be used with the VA LV VFQ-48 or short form versions of the questionnaire. Clinicians can use the algorithm to score the VA LV VFQ from examination of individual patients or as an outcome measure for their low vision rehabilitation programs. Research investigators can use the scoring algorithm with small samples when Rasch analysis is not reliable or in studies where Rasch analysis is not practical. Rasch analysis is still recommended for research studies that require more accurate assessments.


Testimonials


Vision therapy is well worth the response, time and effort. Our Son had a hard time focusing and writing neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time if previously took. His abilities to focus improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent, we wanted learning to be fun for our Son, and vision therapy made this possible.


Amanda T.

Vision Therapy is well worth the expense, time and effort. Our son had a hard time focusing handwriting neatly. After vision therapy Seth could complete a task in half the time it previously took his abilities to focus and improved greatly and so did his handwriting.

Also, he was better at listening. As a parent you wanted learning to be fun for our son and vision therapy made this possible.


Alexa H.

Vision Therapy has given or son the tools he needs to be able to scan and read the written word more effectively and efficiently.

He love working with John and these working sessions give him the motivation to gladly work on his homework assignments.

It amazed us to see the difference in the tracking of his eyes and along a line of it's from the beginning to the end of the treatment.

Dr. McBryar , Kristen and John  are all marvelous and we would recommend them to anyone I only wish that we would have found them sooner!


Charlotte M.

Prior to coming to the institute for vision development my son complained of daily headaches. Therapy has eliminated his headaches completely. I love knowing my son is able to learn pain-free for the rest of his life because of the work that has been done over just a few weeks in this office. He he absolutely loved coming that didn't even feel like going to a doctor or therapy. We are grateful for the relief he was able to find by coming here.

Thank you!


Olivia C.

Seems much less frustrated with life

Reads non-stop and fast

Spelling abilities have been hugely improved

Seems much more confident

Thank You!!!


Kelly O.

When we first came to the practice, my son did not have huge issues, but lots of small ones- trouble with reading, sports (hitting the baseball consistently), coordination, etc- that were not easily detectable,but when put together presented issues. The staff here were all very professional and loving towards him. While I was concerned in the reading, my son was concerned with the athletic side. Seeing improvement night off the bat gave him confidence that i have nor seen in him and made him want to not only Come to therapy, but also made him want to work hard. He has surpassed his grade level and above in reading and hit his first home run this year! Thank you!!!


Alice M.
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